|Name in Local Language : Lima
Geographical Location :
Valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, in a valley on a prevalent desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean.
Population : 7,605,742
Interesting Facts :
In the pre-Columbian era, the location of what is now the city of Lima was inhabited by several Amerindian groups under the Ychsma polity, which was incorporated into the Inca Empire in the 15th century. In 1532, a group of Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro defeated the Inca ruler Atahualpa and took over his Empire. Lima gained prestige after being designated capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and site of a Real Audiencia in 1543.
Historic Centre, Monastery of San Francisco, the Plaza Mayor, the Cathedral, Covenant of Santo Domingo, the Palace of Torre Tagle.
|Name in Local Language : Cuzco
Language Written Locally : Qusqu
Geographical Location :
Southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cuzco Province. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its elevation is around 3,400 m (11,200 ft).
Population : 358,935
Interesting Facts :
The Killke occupied the region from 900 to 1200, prior to the arrival of the Incas in the 13th century. Carbon-14 dating of Sacsayhuaman, the walled complex outside Cusco, has demonstrated that the Killke culture constructed the fortress about 1100. The Inca later expanded and occupied the complex in the 13th century and after.
Walled complex of Sacsayhuaman, Inca Temples of the Sun and of the Virgins of the Sun, Pachacuti's presumed winter home of Machu Picchu.
|Official Language : Spanish
Other Languages Spoken :
Abishira, Achuar-Shiwiar, Aguano, Aguaruna, Ajyíninka Apurucayali, Amahuaca, Amarakaeri, Andoa, Arabela, Asháninka, Ashéninka Pajonal, Ashéninka Perené, Ashéninka Pichis, Ashéninka South Ucayali, Ashéninka Ucayali-Yurúa, Aushiri, Aymara Central, Aymara Southern, Bora, Cahuarano, Candoshi-Shapra, Capanahua, Caquinte, Cashibo-Cacataibo, Chamicuro, Chayahuita, Cholón, Cocama-Cocamilla, Culina, Ese Ejja, Hibito, Huachipaeri, Huambisa, Huitoto Murui, Huitoto Nüpode, Iñapari, Iquito, Isconahua, Jaqaru, Jebero, Kashinawa, Machiguenga, Mashco Piro, Matsés, Muniche, Nanti, Nomatsiguenga, Ocaina, Omagua, Omurano, Orejón, Panobo, Pisabo, Quechua, Quechua- Ambo-Pasco, Quechua-Arequipa-La Unión, Quechua-Ayacucho, Quechua-Cajamarca, Quechua-Cajatambo North Lima, Quechua-Chachapoyas, Quechua-Chaupihuaranga, Quechua-Chincha, Quechua-Chiquián Ancash, Quechua-Classical, Quechua-Corongo Ancash, Quechua-Cusco, Quechua-Eastern Apurímac, Quechua-Huallaga Huánuco, Quechua-Huamalíes-Dos de Mayo Huánuco, Quechua-Huaylas Ancash, Quechua-Huaylla Wanca, Quechua-Jauja Wanca, Quechua-Lambayeque, Quechua-Margos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha, Quechua-Napo Lowland, Quechua-North Junín, Quechua-Northern Conchucos Ancash, Quechua-Pacaraos, Quechua-Panao Huánuco, Quechua-Puno, Quechua-San Martín, Quechua-Santa Ana de Tusi Pasco, Quechua-Sihuas Ancash, Quechua-Southern Conchucos Ancash, Quechua-Southern Pastaza, Quechua-Yauyos, Quichua-Northern Pastaza, Remo, Resígaro, Secoya, Sensi, Sharanahua, Shipibo-Conibo, Spanish-Loreto-Ucayali, Taushiro, Ticuna, Urarina, Yagua, Yameo, Yaminahua, Yanesha’, Yine, Yora.
FIND OUT MORE ABOUT PERU
|Country Name in Local Language : Perú
Official Language : Spanish
Currency : Nuevo Sol (S/.)
Capital City : Lima
Population : 29,399,817
Total Area Covered : 1,285,220 km²
Highest Point : Huascarán (6,768 m)
Telephone Calling Code : +51
Internet TLD : .pe
National Food :
Ceviche Quinoa, potatoes, tomatoes, chilli peppers all come from Peru.
National Flower :
Cantuta (kantuta or qantuta), (Latin: Cantua buxifolia).
SEE SOME SAMPLE TEXT
Somos libres, seámoslo siempre,
y antes niegue sus luces el sol
que faltemos al voto solemne
que la patria al Eterno elevó.
Largo tiempo el peruano oprimido
la ominosa cadena arrastró
condenado a cruel servidumbre
largo tiempo en silencio gimió.
Mas apenas el grito sagrado
¡Libertad! en sus costas se oyó,
la indolencia de esclavo sacude,
la humillada cerviz levantó.
We are free! May we always be so, may we always be so!
and let the sun rather deny its light
its lights, its lights...the sun!
Before allow us to break the solemn vow
which the motherland elevated to the Eternal
For a long time the oppressed Peruvian
dragged the ominous chain;
sentenced to a cruel servitude
for a long time in silence he moaned.
But as soon as the sacred cry
"Liberty!" was heard on its coasts,
he shook off the indolence of slavery,
the humiliated neck he raised!
SOME INTERESTING FACTS
|Peru is in western South America, bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
The earliest evidences of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated to approximately 9,000 years BCE. It was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.
DOING BUSINESS IN PERU