What Language Do They Speak In ... ?

What Language Do They Speak In ...

When it comes to communicating, it's important for your translations to be tailored to your exact markets and their location.

For example, there are several Chinese or Arabic-speaking countries, but each one handles the language slightly differently.

Below is a list of countries and the main languages spoken to help you decide which languages you really need.

Countries Beginning With A

Afghanistan Dari Persian, Pashtu (both official), other Turkic and minor languages
Albania Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Algeria Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Andorra Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Angola Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
Antigua and Barbuda English (official), local dialects
Argentina Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
Armenia Armenian 98%, Yezidi, Russian
Australia English 79%, native and other languages
Austria German (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region)
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Turkic 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)

Countries Beginning With B

Bahamas English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
Bahrain Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Bangladesh Bangla (official), English
Barbados English
Basque Country Euskera
Belarus Belorusian (White Russian), Russian, other
Belgium Dutch (Flemish) 60%, French 40%, German less than 1% (all official)
Bellize English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
Benin French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages
Bhutan Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)
Bolivia Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Botswana English 2% (official), Setswana 78%, Kalanga 8%, Sekgalagadi 3%, other (2001)
Brazil Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Brunei Malay (official), English, Chinese
Bulgaria Bulgarian 85%, Turkish 10%, Roma 4%
Burkina Faso French (official); native African (Sudanic) languages 90%
Burundi Kirundi and French (official), Swahili

Countries Beginning With C

Cambodia Khmer 95% (official), French, English
Cameroon French, English (both official); 24 major African language groups
Canada English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5%
Cape Verde Portuguese, Criuolo
Central African Republic French (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages
Chad French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects
Chile Spanish
China Standard Chinese (Mandarin/Putonghua), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages
Colombia Spanish
Comoros Arabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend)
Congo Democratic Republic of French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Congo Republic of French (official), Lingala, Monokutuba, Kikongo, many local languages and dialects
Costa Rica Spanish (official), English
Côte d'Ivoire French (official) and African languages (Dioula esp.)
Croatia  Croatian 96% (official), other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, German
Cuba Spanish
Cyprus Greek, Turkish (both official); English
Czech Republic Czech

Countries Beginning With D, E and F

Denmark Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second 
Djibouti French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar
Dominica English (official) and French patois
Dominican Republic Spanish
   
East Timor  Tetum, Portuguese (official); Bahasa Indonesia, English; other indigenous languages, including Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak
Ecuador Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages
Egypt Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
El Salvador Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
Eritrea Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Estonia Estonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)
Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others
   
Fiji English (official), Fijian, Hindustani
Finland  Finnish 92%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking
France French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

Countries Beginning With G and H

Gabon French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Gambia  English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous
Georgia Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia) 
Germany German
Ghana English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
Greece Greek 99% (official), English, French
Grenada English (official), French patois
Guatemala Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
Guinea French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani)
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages
Guyana  English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, UrduCreole and French (both official)
   
Haiti Creole and French (both official)
Honduras  Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business
Hungary Magyar (Hungarian) 94%, other 6% 

Countries Beginning with I, J and K

Iceland Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken 
India Hindi 30%, English, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all official); Hindi/Urdu; 1,600+ dialects
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects 
Iran Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Farsi, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2% 
Iraq Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian 
Ireland English, Irish (Gaelic) (both official)
Israel Hebrew (official), Arabic, English
Italy Italian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities 
   
Jamaica English, Jamaican Creole 
Japan Japanese 
Jordan Arabic (official), English 
   
Kazakhstan Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 Est.)
Kenya English (official), Swahili (national), and numerous indigenous languages
Kiribati English (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese) 
Korea, North  Korean
Korea, South  Korean, English widely taught
Kosovo Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma
Kuwait  Arabic (official), English
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz, Russian (both official)

Countries Beginning With L and M

Laos  Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Latvia Latvian 58% (official), Russian 38%, Lithuanian, other (2000) 
Lebanon Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Lesotho English, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa 
Liberia English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic-group languages 
Libya  Arabic, Italian, and English widely understood in major cities 
Liechtenstein German (official), Alemannic dialect 
Lithuania Lithuanian 82% (official), Russian 8%, Polish 6% (2001)
Luxembourg Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)
   
Macedonia Macedonian 67%, Albanian 25% (both official); Turkish 4%, Roma 2%, Serbian 1% 
Madagascar Malagasy and French (both official) 
Malawi  Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998) 
Malaysia Bahasa Melayu (Malay, official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; several indigenous languages (including Iban, Kadazan) in East Malaysia 
Maldives  Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials 
Mali French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages 
Malta Maltese and English (both official) 
Marshall Islands Marshallese 98% (two major dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family), English widely spoken as a second language (both official); Japanese
Mauritania Hassaniya Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Wolof
Mauritius  English less than 1% (official), Creole 81%, Bojpoori 12%, French 3% (2000)
Mexico Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
Micronesia English (official, common), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Moldova  Moldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Monaco French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque
Mongolia Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999)
Montenegro Serbian/Montenegrin (Ijekavian dialect—official)
Morocco Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy
Mozambique Portuguese 9% (official; second language of 27%), Emakhuwa 26%, Xichangana 11%, Elomwe 8%, Cisena 7%, Echuwabo 6%, other Mozambican languages 32% (1997)
Myanmar Burmese, minority languages

Countries Beginning with N and O

Namibia English 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama 
Nauru  Nauruan (official), English 
Nepal Nepali 48% (official), Maithali 12%, Bhojpuri 7%, Tharu 6%, Tamang 5%, others. English spoken by many in government and business (2001) 
Netherlands Dutch, Frisian (both official) 
New Zealand  English, Maori (both official) 
Nicaragua Spanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995) 
Niger French (official), Hausa, Djerma 
Nigeria  English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and more than 200 others 
Norway  Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities) 
   
Oman Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects 

Countries Beginning With P, Q and R

Pakistan  Urdu 8%, English (both official); Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski, and others 8% 
Palau  Palauan 64.7%, English 9.4%, Sonsoralese, Tobi, Angaur (each official on some islands), Filipino 13.5%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000) 
Palestinian State  Arabic, Hebrew, English 
Panama  Spanish (official), English 14%, many bilingual 
Papua New Guinea Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1%–2%; 715 indigenous languages 
Paraguay Spanish, Guaraní (both official)
Pays Basque Euskera
Peru Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages
Philippines Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
Poland Polish 98% (2002)
Portugal Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
   
Qatar Arabic (official); English a common second language
   
Romania Romanian (official), Hungarian, German 
Russia  Russian, others
Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers 

Countries Beginning With S

St. Kitts and Nevis English 
St Lucia English (official), French patois 
St. Vincent and the Grenadines  English, French patois 
Samoa  Samoan, English 
San Marino  Italian
São Tomé and Príncipe Portuguese (official) 
Senegal French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka 
Serbia  Serbian (official); Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, and Croatian (all official in Vojvodina); Albanian (official in Kosovo) 
Seychelles Seselwa Creole 92%, English 5%, French (all official) (2002)
Sierra Leone English (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca) 
Singapore  Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000) 
Slovakia  Slovak 84% (official), Hungarian 11%, Roma 2%, Ukrainian 1% (2001) 
Slovenia  Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 5% (2002)
Solomon Islands English 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages
Somalia Somali (official), Arabic, English, Italian
South Africa IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2%
South Sudan English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants) (official), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk
Spain Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)
Sri Lanka Sinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10%
Sudan  Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Suriname Dutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese
Swaziland English, Siswati (both official)
Sweden Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Switzerland German 64%, French 20%, Italian 7% (all official); Romansch 0.5% (national)
Syria Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood

Countries Beginning With T and U

Taiwan Chinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Tajikistan Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business 
Tanzania  Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages 
Thailand  Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects 
Togo  French (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Dagomba (north); and many dialects 
Tonga  Tongan (an Austronesian language), English 
Trinidad & Tobago English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese 
Tunisia Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce), English
Turkey Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli, Azeri, Kabardian 
Turkmenistan Turkmen 72%; Russian 12%; Uzbek 9%, other 7% 
Tuvalu  Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
   
Uganda  English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic 
Ukraine  Ukrainian 67%, Russian 24%, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian 
United Arab Emirates  Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
United Kingdom English, Welsh, Scots, Gaelic
United States English 82%, Spanish 11% (2000)
Uruguay Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero
Uzbekistan  Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1% 

Countries Beginning With V, W, Y and Z

Vanuatu Bislama 23% (a Melanesian pidgin English), English 2%, French 1% (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages 73%
Vatican City (Holy See) Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
Venezuela Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Vietnam Vietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as a second language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
   
Western Sahara (proposed state) Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
   
Yemen Arabic
   
Zambia English (official); major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga; about 70 other indigenous languages
Zimbabwe  English (official), Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), numerous minor tribal dialects
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