Where Do They Speak...?

Where Do They Speak?

You know the language you want, but do you know in how many countries it is spoken, or whether it is necessary to localise your translations to meet the needs of the local recipients? 

Here is a list of where different languages are spoken to help you make the best decision for what you want to achieve.

Click on the letter for languages beginning with : 

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H   J   L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S   U  V  W   Y  Z

LANGUAGE COUNTRY
A  
Abkhazian Abkhazia
Afrikaans South Africa 
Albanian Albania Kosovo
Amharic Ethiopia
Arabic Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Smaliland, Smalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
Armenian Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh
Assamese India
Aymara Bolivia, Peru
Azerbaijani Azerbaijan
B  
Bahasa Malaysia and Indonesia
Bangladeshi Bangladesh
Belarussian Belarus
Bengali India
Berber Morocco
Bislama Vanuatu
Bosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgarian Bulgaria
Burmese Burma (Myanmar)
C  
Catalan Andorra
Cebuano Philippines
Chinese (Mandarin) China (using Simplified Han script), Taiwan (using Traditional Han script; Hokkien is the most spoken language, yet not official), Singapore (using Simplified Han script)
Chichewa Malawi
Croatian Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Czech Czech Republic, Slovakia
D  
Danish Denmark, Faroe Islands (with Faroese)
Dari Afghanistan (a local variant of Persian, but defined as "Dari" in the Afghan constitution)
Dhivehi Maldives
Dutch Belgium (sole official language in Flanders, with French in Brussels)
  The Netherlands (sole official language in every province except Friesland, where West Frisian is co-official and the BES islands, where Papiamento and English are co-official)
  Aruba (with Papiamento)
  Curaçao (with Papiamento)
  Sint Maarten (with English)
  Suriname
Dzongkha Bhutan
E  
English Antigua and Barbuda
  Australia (considered de facto as no official language is mentioned in the Australian Constitution, with many other Aboriginal languages)
  The Bahamas
  Bangladesh (Official, de facto with Bangla which is officially de jure & de facto) 
  Barbados 
  Belize
  Botswana (but the national language is Tswana) 
  Cameroon (with French)
  Canada (with French)
  Dominica 
  Eritrea (with Tigrinya and Arabic) 
  Fiji (with Bau Fijian and Hindustani)
  The Gambia
  Ghana
  Grenada (with French Creole) 
  Guyana 
  India (with 22 other regional languages) 
  Republic of Ireland ("second official"; with Irish)
  Jamaica
  Kenya (with Swahili) 
  Kiribati
  Lesotho (with Sotho)
  Liberia
  Malawi (with Chichewa)
  Malaysia (de facto official language; still serve as official and national language with Malay in Sabah and Sarawak)
  Malta (with Maltese)
  Marshall Islands (with Marshallese)
  Mauritius (with French)
  Micronesia, Federated States of
  Namibia (Afrikaans, German, and Oshiwambo are regional spoken)
  Nauru (with Nauruan)
  New Zealand (with Māori and New Zealand Sign Language)
  Nigeria
  Pakistan (with Urdu as the national language)
  Palau (with Paluan and Japanese)
  Papua New Guinea (with Tok Pisin and Motu)
  Philippines (with Filipino)
  Rwanda (with French and Kinyarwanda)
  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  Saint Lucia (with French Creole)
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (with French Creole)
  Samoa (with Samoan)
  Seychelles (with Creole, French)
  Sierra Leone
  Singapore (with Chinese, Malay, Tamil)
  Solomon Islands
  Somaliland (with Arabic and Somali)
  South Africa (with Afrikaans, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)
  South Sudan
  Sri Lanka (with Tamil and Sinhala)
  Sudan (with Arabic)
  Swaziland (with Swati)
  Tanzania (with Swahili)
  Tonga
  Trinidad and Tobago
  Tuvalu
  Uganda (with Swahili)
  United Kingdom (along with Irish, Ulster Scots, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Cornish and Welsh)
  United States of America (considered the de facto national language. It is the sole, but unofficial, language of the federal government. The English Language is the official language of 27 states)
  Vanuatu (with Bislama and French)
  Zambia
  Zimbabwe (with Shone and Ndebele)
Estonian Estonia

Euskara

Basque Country (north-eastern Spain and south-western France)

F

 
Farsi Iran
Fijian Fiji (with English and Hindustani)
Filipino Philippines (with English)
Finnish Finland (with Swedish)
Flemish Belgium
French Belgium (with Dutch and German)
  Benin
  Burkina Faso
  Burundi (with Rundi)
  Cameroon (with English)
  Canada (with English)
  Central African Republic
  Chad (with Arabic)
  Comoros (with Arabic and Comorian)
  Côte d'Ivoire
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (with Kikongo, Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba)
  Djibouti (with Arabic)
  Equatorial Guinea (with Spanish and Portuguese)
  France 
  French Guiana
  French Polynesia
  French Loyalty Islands
  French Southern and Antarctic Lands
  Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean
LANGUAGE  COUNTRY
French    continued
  Guadeloupe
  Martinique
  Mayotte
  New Caledonia
  Réunion
  Saint Barthélemy
  Saint Martin 
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  Wallis and Futuna
  (Adelie Land)
  (Clipperton Island)
  Gabon
  Guinea
  Haiti (with Haitian Creole)
  Luxembourg (with German and Luxembourgish)
  Madagascar (with Malagasy)
  Mali
  Mauritius (with English)
  Monaco
  Niger
  Republic of the Congo
  Rwanda (with English and Kinyarwanda)
  Senegal
  Seychelles (with English)
  Switzerland (with German, Italian, and Rhaeto-Romansch)
  Geneva 
  Vaud
  Jura
  Neuchâtel
  Fribourg (with German)
  Bern (with German)
  Valais (with German) 
  Togo 
  Vanuatu (with Bislama and English)
G  
Gaelic

Ireland

Georgian

Georgia

  South Ossetia (with Ossetian and Russian)
  Abkhazia (with Georgian according to the Georgian constitution)
German Austria 
  Belgium (with Dutch and French) 
  Germany 
  Liechtenstein 
  Luxembourg (with French and Luxembourgish) 
  Italy (South Tyrol only) 
  Switzerland (with French, Italian, and Romansh)
  17 of the 26 cantons (monolingually German)
  Graubünden (with Italian and Romansh)
  Bern (with French)
  Fribourg (with French) 
  Valais (with French) 
Greek Greece
  Cyprus (with Turkish)
Greeklish Greece
Guaraní Paraguay (with Spanish)
  Bolivia (with Spanish, Quechua and other 33 languages)
Gujarati India
H  
Haitian Creole Haiti (with French)
Hausa  Nigeria
Hebrew Israel (with Arabic)
Hindi India ("official language of the Union"; with English; 22 other regional languages)
  Fiji (with English and Bau Fijian; known constitutionally as Hindustani as an umbrella term to cover Urdu, as well as Hindi)
Hiri Motu Papua New Guinea (with English and Tok Pisin)
Hmong China, northern Vietnam, Thailand and Laos
Hungarian Hungary
I  
Igbo Nigeria
Icelandic  Iceland 
Illongo Philippines
Indonesian  Indonesia (a standardized dialect of Malay)
Irish Republic of Ireland ("national"; with English being "second official")
Italian Italy 
  Switzerland (with German and French)
  Ticino  
  Graubünden (with German and Romansh) 
  San Marino  
  Vatican City (with Latin)
J  
Japanese Japan (de facto) 
K  
Kananda India
Kashmiri India
Kazakh  Kazakhstan (with Russian)
Khmer   Cambodia
Kibajuni Somalia
Kinyarwanda Rwanda 
Kikongo  Democratic Republic of the Congo (with French, Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba)
Kirundi  Burundi
Kituba  Republic of the Congo (with French and Lingala)
Konkani India 
Korean North Korea
  South Korea 
Kurdish  Iraq (with Arabic)
Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan (with Russian)
L  
Lao Laos
Latin  Vatican City 
Latvian  Latvia  
Lingala  Democratic Republic of the Congo (with French, Kikongo, Swahili and Tshiluba)
  Republic of the Congo (with French and Kituba)
Lithuanian  Lithuania  
Llocano Philippines (with English and Tagalog/Filipino) 
Luxembourgish  Luxembourg (with French and German)  
M  
Macedonian Republic of Macedonia 
Malagasy Madagascar (with French) 
Malay Malaysia 
  Brunei
  Singapore (with English, Chinese and Tamil)
  Indonesia (a standardized local dialect of Malay, but treated as the separate language in Indonesia)
Malaylam India
Maltese Malta (with English)
Marathi India
Manx Gaelic Isle of Man (with English)
Māori New Zealand (with English and New Zealand Sign Language)
Moldovan Moldova (identical to Romanian; defined as Moldovan in the Moldovan constitution)
  Transnistria (Cyrillic alphabet is used; with Russian and Ukrainian; independence is disputed)
Mongolian Mongolia
Montenegrin Montenegro
N  
Ndebele

South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)

  Zimbabwe (with English and Shona)
Nepali Nepal
Northern Sotho Xhosa, Zulu South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda)
Norwegian Norway (two official written forms - Bokmål and Nynorsk)
 O  
Oriya India
Ossetian South Ossetia (with Russian and Georgian; independence is disputed)
 LANGUAGE COUNTRY
P  
Pahari India, Nepal, Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, Tibet
Papiamento  Aruba (with Dutch)  
  Curaçao (with English and Dutch) 
Pashto  Afghanistan (with Dari in Afghanistan)
Pedi South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana
Persian (Farsi)  Iran 
  Afghanistan (with Pashto and Dari in Afghanistan)
  Tajikistan (called Tajiki in Tajikistan)
Pidgin English Nigeria
Polish Poland 
Portuguese Angola  
  Brazil  
  Cape Verde  
  East Timor (with Tetum) 
  Equatorial Guinea (with Spanish and French)  
  Guinea-Bissau 
  Mozambique 
Portugal 
Punjabi India
Q  
Quechua Bolivia (with Spanish, Aymara, Guaraní and other 33 languages)
  Peru (with Spanish and Aymara)
 
Romanian  Romania 
  Moldova (officially called Moldovan, although identical to Romanian according to the law of Moldova)
Romansh Switzerland (with German, French, and Italian)
  Graubünden (with German and Italian) 
Russian Russia (in some regions together with regional languages)
  Abkhazia (with Abkhaz according to the Abkhazian constitution; independence is disputed) 
  Belarus (with Belarusian)
  Kazakhstan (with Kazakh)
  Kyrgyzstan (with Kyrgyz)
  South Ossetia (with Ossetian and Georgian; independence is disputed)
  Tajikistan ("inter-ethnic communication"; with Tajik)
  Transnistria (with Moldovan and Ukrainian; independence is disputed)
S  
Sango  Central African Republic
Sepedi South Africa 
Serbian Serbia 
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (with Bosnian, Croatian) 
  Kosovo (independence is disputed; with Albanian) 
Sesotho Lesotho, South Africa
Setswana Botswana, South Africa
Seychellois Creole  Seychelles  
Shangani South Africa, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
Shona  Zimbabwe (with English and Ndebele)
Sindhi India
Sinhala  Sri Lanka (with Tamil, and with English as a link language)  
Slovak  Slovakia  
  Czech Republic
Slovene  Slovenia  
Somali Somalia  
  Somaliland (with Arabic and English) 
Sorani Iran, Iraq
Sotho Lesotho (with English)
  South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)
Spanish Argentina 
  Bolivia (with Aymara, Quechua and Guaraní)
  Chile
  Colombia 
  Costa Rica 
  Cuba 
  Dominican Republic 
  Ecuador (de facto) 
  El Salvador 
  Equatorial Guinea (with French and Portuguese)
  Guatemala 
  Honduras 
  Mexico (de facto) 
  Nicaragua 
  Panama 
  Paraguay (with Guaraní)
  Peru (with Aymara and Quechua)
  Spain (Aranese, Basque, Catalan, and Galician are co-official in some regions) 
  Uruguay 
  Venezuela
Swahili Democratic Republic of the Congo (with French, Kikongo, Lingala and Tshiluba)
  Kenya (with English)
  Tanzania (de facto) 
  Uganda (since 2005; with English) 
Swazi  Swaziland (with English), South Africa
  South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)
Swedish Sweden 
  Finland (with Finnish)
  Åland Islands (monolingually Swedish) (an autonomous province under Finnish sovereignty)
Sylheti Bangladesh
T  
Tajik  Tajikistan (a variant of Persian written in Cyrillic), Uzbekistan 
Tagalog  Philippines (with English) 
Tamil Singapore (with English, Chinese and Malay) 
  Sri Lanka (with Sinhala, and with English as a link language)  
Telugu India
Tetum  East Timor (with Portuguese) 
Thai   Thailand  
Tibetan Tibet, Nepal and India
Tigrinya  Eritrea  
Tok Pisin  Papua New Guinea (with English and Hiri Motu) 
Tshiluba  Democratic Republic of the Congo (with French, Kikongo, Lingala and Swahili)
Tsonga  South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)
Tswana  Botswana (with English)  
  South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)
Turkish Turkey
  Cyprus (with Greek) 
  TRNC (independence disputed) 
Turkmen  Turkmenistan 
 
Ukrainian  Ukraine 
  Transnistria (with Moldovan and Russian; independence is disputed)
Urdu  Pakistan (with English) 
  Fiji (with English and Bau Fijian; known constitutionally as Hindustani as an umbrella term to cover Urdu, as well as Hindi.) 
Uzbek  Uzbekistan 
 
Venda  South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Xhosa, Zulu)
Vietnamese  Vietnam 
W  
Walloon Belgium
Welsh Wales
X  
Xhosa South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Zulu)
Y  
Yemeni Yemen
Yoruba Nigeria 
 
Zulu South Africa 

VISIT OUR COUNTRY PAGES for useful information and to see more of Prof Raisman's photos

Berat © G Raisman

Xi'an Bell Tower © G Raisman

Yeha Book © G Raisman

Lake Titicaca © G Raisman  Zagorsk Market © G Raisman
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